Awareness of Fire Safety Practices Among Hotel Workers in Abeokuta South Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria

Author: 

1Olugbemi M. T., 1Ogungbayi G. B., 1Uthman-Akinhanmi Y. O., 1Lawal A. O., 2Onasanya A. S.

1 Department of Home Science and Hospitality Management
2 Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ayetoro Campus, Ayetoro, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Abstract

The hospitality industries have been affected by fire outbreaks, which had led to a global outcry. In
most hotels in Nigeria, fire safety practices have been neglected, hence, the frequent occurrence of fire mishaps. Moreover, it has been reported that carelessness and ignorance of employees on how to handle substances like gas and electric voltage led to fire outbreaks. Therefore, this study investigated the extent of awareness of fire safety practices among hotels workers in Abeokuta metropolis. knowledge of fire safety equipment available, and constraints to fire safety practices among hoteliers were the objectives that guided the study. A two-stage sampling technique was used. First stage in Abeokuta south LGA, there are 134 registered hotel, 10% of the registered hotels were randomly selected. That resulted to 14 hotels. The last stage is the random selection of one worker from each of these nine units (front office, human resource, housekeeping, kitchen, restaurant and bar, maintenance, store, security, and account unit) of the hotels. Therefore, a total of 126 respondents were selected. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive (percentage, frequency and mean) was used for data analysis. Results revealed that majority of the sampled hotels had fire extinguishers (83.7%) and sprinklers (77.2%). Most of the respondents were aware that a copy of fire and emergency procedure is posted at conspicuous locations (86.2%) and enforcement of the No Smoking Policy in hotel premises (73.2%). Furthermore, financial problems (mean=2.70) and poor maintenance of fire safety equipment (mean=2.08) were major constraints against utilization of fire safety practices. The study recommends that the management should continue to create awareness on fire safety practices to the employees through regular training. Lastly the management should maintain regular testing of fire safety devices such as fire alarm system, smoke detectors etc. at regular intervals.

 

Keywords:

Fire, Hazard, Hotels, Safety practices, Awareness